history of birth control methods

A monthly tincture of silphium was the birth control of choice for Ancient Greeks from the 7th century BCE until about the 2nd century CE when overharvesting drove the plant to extinction. In a vasectomy the man has his vas deferens (the tube sperm swim through) cut. Birth control has been used since ancient times, but effective and safe methods of birth control only became available in the 20th century. Infamous womanizer Casanova allegedly used this device to protect his numerous lovers (or more likely himself) from unwanted pregnancy. July 22, 2001; See the article in its original context from July 22, 2001, Section 7, Page 11 Buy Reprints. For example, women used to grind acacia tree bark, dates and honey together and apply such a paste on the vulva before sexual intercourse. However, birth control met with resistance. Many of these methods had nothing to do with sexual intercourse or the act of conceiving a baby and, obviously, had little if any effect on birth control. Ancient pessaries were produced out of elephant dung, seaweed, and leaves. Before the birth control movement, which was closely tied to the feminist movement, women relied on homemade oral contraceptives made from herbs, spices, or even heavy metals; homemade barrier methods made from animal guts; and various other sperm-blocking ingredients that were placed directly in or on the genitals to prevent pregnancy. The use of birth control and abortion, however, declined as growing public opinion considered information about birth control methods to be obscene, and abortion to be unsafe. Today birth control methods include IUDs, the patch, the rhythm method, the NuvaRing, the Depo shot, the morning after pill, female condoms, diaphragms, spermicides, vasectomies, hysterectomies, safe and legal abortions (in many countries), just to name a few. A Brief History of Birth Control From early contraception to the birth of the Pill Monday, May 03, 2010 Share Tweet Read Later Send to Kindle Everett Collection Margaret Sanger, 1916, in first birth-control clinic in the United States. How far have we really come from ancient times? BY Shaunacy Ferro. Birth control is a critical part of family planning. It is thought to be the oldest contraceptive. You can only imagine how painful sex must have been those days. … birth control: History of the Birth Control Movement Enter your search terms: Although contraceptive techniques had been known in ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome, the modern movement for birth control began in Great Britain, where the writings of Thomas Robert Malthus stirred interest in … Those were the times when pregnancy and childbirth were dangerous to women’s lives. As Christianity rose to prominence across much of the Western world, women with knowledge of herbal contraceptives were increasingly accused of witchcraft and burned alive. Besides crocodile refuse, Egyptian women also used a mixture of honey and sodium carbonate, or honey, acacia leaves, and lint for this purpose. The Catholic Church remains resolutely opposed to artificial birth control, but Pope Pius XII announces that the Church will sanction the use of the rhythm method as a natural form of birth control. 1939 – 1942 Several national groups advocating for birth control join together in 1939 to form the Birth Control Federation of America. And zero penicillin, which meant venereal diseases were a real nuisance. The First Birth Control Pill . While abstinence is the only form of birth control that’s 100% effective, it’s not that interesting to write about. But the story of birth control actually begins way earlier. Secondly, they were used many times washing them after each use. The product has been tested successfully on mice, rabbits, baboons, and, starting September 2014, humans. Before the 20th century most references to contraception were linked to illicit sexual relations. Condom reliability is still terrible by modern standards, but people achieved effective birth control by combining condoms, the rhythm method, male withdrawal, diaphragms, and/or intrauterine devices. It is known that in cultures where the moon was believed to be the power of conception, women tended to sleep out of the reach of moonlight in order to avoid pregnancy. While these products do have their place, the hormone-based birth control pill put on the market in 1956 was arguably the most important invention of the 20th century. Those four people were Margaret Sanger, Gregory Pincus, John Rock, and Katharine McCormick, respectively, and without any one of them this project could not have been completed. 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